As you prepare to purchase carpet for your new home or during a home renovation, it is important to know some key terms related to carpeting and flooring. At Reinhart Carpet Outlet in Philadelphia, we want to make your shopping experience simple and stress-free, which is why we’ve provided the following glossary of terms to know as you look for new carpet.
- Adhesive – When carpet is installed, it is held in place by an adhesive, which is a substance that dries to a hardened film to hold carpet and backing in place on the surface of the floor.
- Backing – Carpet is not installed directly onto the flooring surface. It is supported by primary and secondary backing, which consists of fabric layers onto which carpet fibers are directly sewn in. Secondary backing also helps carpet retain its shape and dimensional stability.
- Berber – Traditionally, Berber carpet is constructed of coarse yarn with flecks of color throughout the carpeting. However, the term has evolved to refer to multi-loop carpeting of all varieties and colors.
- Burling – Hand-tailoring of carpet to remove knots and loose ends or insert missing tufts and yarn. This is a common repair procedure for carpet that is unevenly damaged or worn.
- Cable – Yarn constructed by twisting at least two piled yarns together.
- Continuous Dyeing – A carpet dyeing process in which color is sprayed directly on the surface of the carpet—commonly seen in patterned and multicolored carpets.
- Cushion – Padding beneath the rug’s surface. Various carpet varieties work best with different cushion types, generally no more than ½ inch thick.